The staggering toll of noncommunicable diseases

first_imgChronic diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer, are the leading cause of death worldwide, with the burden falling heaviest in low- and middle-income countries. A new article by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers outlines the global burden of chronic, or noncommunicable, diseases and proposes ways in which national leaders and heads of international organizations can develop systems to cope with these long-term conditions that the authors call the “dominant global public health challenge of the 21st century.”The article was published October 3, 2013 in the New England Journal of Medicine as part of a series on global health edited by co-author David Hunter, Vincent L. Gregory Professor in Cancer Prevention and Dean for Academic Affairs at HSPH, and Harvey Fineberg, president of the Institute of Medicine and former dean of HSPH.According to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, noncommunicable diseases contributed to 36 million deaths globally in 2008, accounting for 63% of 57 million total deaths. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 estimated that mortality due to noncommunicable diseases increased from 57% of total deaths in 1990 to 65% in 2010. About 80% of deaths related to noncommunicable diseases occur in low- and middle-income countries. Read Full Storylast_img read more

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SMC seniors host Dad’s Weekend

first_imgPhoto courtesy of Katie Morrissette Saint Mary’s senior class invited their fathers to a variety of events at Saint Mary’s and Notre Dame this past weekend for the annual Senior Dad’s Weekend.Class president CoCo Craig said the tradition of inviting fathers to campus has been part of the Saint Mary’s experience for decades.Craig said she spoke with a professor and alumna of Saint Mary’s who said when she went to Saint Mary’s, dads would come to spend the weekend with their daughters.“There’s always been an event for at least 50 years where dads would come to bond with their daughters,” she said.More than 425 people were registered for the weekend, Craig said, which was about 50 more people than expected. Craig said the weekend started with registration and a welcome reception with snacks and beverages. She said that different vendors from the area had stands at the reception and a percentage of everything the vendors sold went to the class. Saturday started with a tour of Notre Dame Stadium, which included the north tunnel entrance, the locker room and the “Play Like a Champion Today” sign, Craig said. Afterwards, students and their fathers were free to spend the rest of the day on their own, an opportunity which most people took to dine at South Bend restaurants and watch the Notre Dame football game. The Saturday night dinner was held at the Century Center in downtown South Bend, Craig said.“President [Carol Ann] Mooney spoke at the dinner,” Craig said. “We also had a silent auction during the dinner. … It can range from sports game tickets to any kind of goodie basket.”Craig said the weekend is a chance for students to spend time with their fathers while at school. “[Students] have personal time that they wouldn’t normally have at school to hang out with your dad,” Craig said. “They also get to meet everyone else’s family and their fathers. It’s a really fun experience that usually people don’t get to do while at school.” Craig said it is important to have Dad’s Weekend as part of senior year at the College.“At that point, you can show your dad all of the activities you do on the weekends and all of the fun places you like to go,” Craig said. “At the same time, you have your friend group. You know your friends and by that time, you can bond with everyone. All the dads can bond together and all the daughters can bond together. Basically, everyone can have quality time together.”Tags: Class of 2016, saint mary’s, senior dadslast_img read more

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Riksbank cuts repo rates, launches SEK10bn QE programme

first_imgSweden’s central bank is to trial a more expansionary monetary policy at it launches its own asset purchase scheme and takes repo rates negative.Riksbank announced that it would cut repo rates by 10 basis points, resulting in a negative rate of 0.10%, and that it would begin buying SEK10bn (€1.05bn) worth of government bonds in a move branded “historic” by local financial group SEB.In a statement, SEB argued that the -0.10% rate should be seen as “a test balloon for negative rates”, with further decreases likely in the near future.It also argued that the asset purchase programme – which will see Riksbank buy SEK10bn of nominal Swedish debt with maturities of 1-5 years – was “not optimal”, despite declining inflation rates. It said it would maintain its expansionary monetary policy until its target measure of inflation – CPIF, which excludes energy prices – once again rose to 2% from its December level of 0.5%.The move comes less than a month after the European Central Bank announced it would launch its own €60bn a month asset purchase programme in March, with critics warning the changes in asset allocation would be “toxic” for pension funds.The negative interest rates recently introduced by the Swiss National Bank have also caused problems for local pension funds, with the institution recently ruling out protecting the industry from the pain of the move.Mats Glenhage, head of business finance at Swedish insurer Folksam, admitted the negative repo rate could impact the return of those saving into pensions, but predicted that the action would initially have a marginal impact.He further pointed to the insurer’s diversified portfolio as being able to offset any immediate impact.However, others were less relaxed about the central bank’s move.Speaking at the Terminsstart Pension conference in Stockholm, Nordea chief economist Annika Winsth said the rate cut would cause unnecessary concern, Pensionsnyheterna reported.Winsth added that both the rate decision and the move towards quantitative easing signalled a concern about an oncoming crisis, and that the bank did not believe there would be a recovery in the near future.SEB noted that many investors would have been surprised by Riksbank’s doveish decision but warned about having too great an expectation of the Swedish quantitative easing (QE) programme.“We don’t see scope for a Swedish QE programme to match the size of the ECBs, [and] we believe that EUR/SEK is close to peak,” it said.last_img read more

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‘Sinas hard to replace, to stay as NCRPO director’

first_imgMANILA – Despite his supposed involvement in community quarantine violation, Major General Debold Sinas will remain as chief of the National Capital Region Police Office (NCRPO).Philippine National Police (PNP) chief Archie Gamboa said on Monday that Sinas will be “hard to replace” as Metro Manila top cop especially with country in the middle of coronavirus disease pandemic.“Yes, I hope the public would understand kasi nandito tayo sa emergency situation; pag palitan mo siya, we will never know. Napakahirap palitan dahil ang dami niyang programa in relation to COVID,” Gamboa said in an interview with DZMM Teleradyo.He added that Sinas was responsible in putting to stop illegal gambling when he occupied the NCRPO top post.“I hope ma-validate ito ng publiko na indeed walang nangyaring suhulan pagdating sa illegal gambling dito sa NCR,” Gamboa said.Aside from Sinas, 18 other police officers are facing charges of violation of City Ordinance No. 12, series of 2020, which imposes mandatory wearing of face masks and physical distancing, and Republic Act 11332 or the Mandatory Reporting of Notifiable Diseases and Health Events of Public Health Concern Act, filed by the PNP-Internal Affairs Service before the Taguig City Prosecutors’ Office on Friday.Once found guilty, Gamboa assured that the police officers would be suspended and face forfeiture of pay.Sinas received criticisms after photos of his birthday celebration on May 8 at Camp Bagong Diwa in Taguig City – which he had labeled as a simple “mañanita” or early morning serenade – went viral online last week.The pictures were initially uploaded on the Facebook page of NCRPO’s public information office where police officers were seen giving Sinas roses and cakes while other photos were seen Sinas mingling with guests seated at various tables.Sinas has apologized for the incident, but claimed he found “nothing wrong” with the gathering, saying proper social distancing and health measures were followed by the guests./PNlast_img read more

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McIlroy faces questions over withdrawal

first_img McIlroy claimed he was “in a bad place mentally” after pulling out of the defence of his title midway through his second round, but later released a statement to say a sore wisdom tooth was the reason for his early exit. The world number one had played the opening eight holes of his round in seven over par, before finding a water hazard on the 18th and immediately quitting the tournament. Rory McIlroy will face the media on Wednesday for the first time since his shock withdrawal from the Honda Classic last week. It was McIlroy’s first ever withdrawal from a tournament as a professional, but follows on from losing in the first round of the Accenture Match Play Championship to Shane Lowry and missing the cut in the Abu Dhabi Championship in his first event since signing a multi-million pound deal with Nike. McIlroy has 14 days from the date of the withdrawal to submit written evidence to the PGA Tour to support his claim of medical grounds, with a fine or suspension possible if the body is not satisfied with his explanation. But a more public explanation is also on the cards with the 23-year-old scheduled to give a pre-tournament press conference at 9am EST (1400GMT) ahead of the WGC-Cadillac Championship on Wednesday. Assuming he is fit to play, the Northern Irishman is at least guaranteed four rounds at Doral, as the USD 8.5million event – won last year by Ryder Cup team-mate Justin Rose – has no cut. center_img Press Associationlast_img read more

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Argentina settles football coach Sampaoli’s exit terms

first_imgMoscow, July 15 : The Argentine Football Association (AFA) has settled the terms of exit of their head coach Jorge Sampaoli following the national team’s disappointing performance at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia.The AFA will pay Sampaoli $2 million for early termination of his duties instead of the $20 million indicated in his contract which was initially valid until 2020, Sputnik news agency quoted daily sports newspaper Ole as reporting on Sunday.The 58-year-old specialist took charge of the South American giants in May 2017 with the two-time champions struggling to qualify for the World Cup.After an underwhelming qualification campaign, Argentina managed to set off to Russia, where the team scraped into the knockout stage with a 2-1 win over Nigeria only to be sent home after losing 3-4 to France.In June, the media reported that the Argentina players unanimously voted for Sampaoli to be sacked as the team’s head coach after they were held to a 1-1 draw by Iceland and thrashed 0-3 by Croatia in their opening World Cup games. IANSlast_img read more

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MLB Winter Meetings: Madison Bumgarner’s market is already heating up

first_imgSAN DIEGO — Madison Bumgarner is accustomed to being the center of attention.So it’s no surprise that Bumgarner’s free agency is one of the hottest early topics of this year’s Winter Meetings.The former San Francisco Giants starter is considered one of the top pitchers available this offseason and as the market for ace Gerrit Cole takes shape, so does the market for the No. 1 left-hander. Multiple reports have indicated Bumgarner is seeking a five-year deal similar to the one …last_img read more

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South Africa’s sugar tax: a bold move, and the right thing to do

first_imgSouth Africa is implementing a sugar tax in April this year. Government and health authorities hope it will curb non-communicable diseases and obesity. Researchers from the University of Pretoria investigate how effective the tax will be.The sugar tax, effective 1 April 2017, can contribute to curbing diseases such as diabetes and reduce obesity. Researchers say non-communicable diseases have a significant impact on economic development. (The Conversation)Hettie Carina Schönfeldt, Beulah Pretorius and Nicolette HallSouth Africa’s planned sugar tax has come under severe scrutiny from its parliamentarians. The questions they’re grappling with are whether the country needs a tax and how effective it will be.The tax is planned to take effect on 1 April 2017. It’s designed to reduce sugar intake from sugar-sweetened beverages by upping the price with a 20% fiscal tax.The South African health authorities’ plan to issue a sugar tax must not be seen in isolation. It is part of the South African National Department of Health’s strategic plans to prevent and control non-communicable disease, and obesity.These strategies have set the ambitious target of reducing obesity by 10% by 2020. And they include salt reduction legislation, trans-fat regulations, and stricter label and advertising regulations.The reality is that the move to introduce the sugar tax is necessary because of the scourge of non-communicable diseases and obesity in the country.The rise of non-communicable diseases It is not unusual for populations that modernise as a result of socioeconomic development to have changes in their dietary patterns.But the move from traditional foods to more processed and convenience foods is linked to weight gain and an increased risk of developing diet-related non-communicable diseases such as high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes.Non-communicable diseases have become the leading causes of death in low- and middle-income countries. South Africa is no exception. It has the highest rates of overweight and obese adults in Africa. Nearly one in every seven South African women is affected. And 40% of deaths from non-communicable conditions among men occur before they turn 60.In its second National Burden of Disease Study South Africa’s Medical Research Council tracked mortality levels and trends for non-communicable diseases between 1997 and 2012. It found that by 2010 non-communicable diseases had become one of the top causes of death in the country. They accounted for 39% of all fatalities putting them on par with the number of people dying from HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined.The World Health Organisation predicts that by 2020 these diseases will account for 80% of the global burden of disease. They will be responsible for seven of every 10 deaths in developing countries.Currently, a third of these premature deaths in lower income countries occur in people under the age of 60. In high income countries the proportion is only 13%.The impact of non-communicable diseases has a significant impact on economic development. The accumulated loss to South Africa’s gross domestic product between 2006 and 2015 from diabetes, stroke and heart disease was estimated at US$1.88 billion. The World Economic Forum has estimated that other industrialised countries such as Brazil, China, India and the Russia lose more than 20 million productive life years annually to non-communicable diseases.An obese nationIn addition to sharp increase in non-communicable diseases, obesity has also risen at an exponential rate. The number of overweight and obese children in South Africa has increased from 1.4% in 1994 to more than 15% in 2004.And the obesity phenomenon has come about before South Africa has been able to win the battle against under-nutrition. While there has been a rise in the number of overweight and obese people, many are still undernourished because their food choices deprive their bodies of essential nutrients (energy, vitamins and minerals).The changes in South Africans’ dietary patterns over time have included: more foods rich in total and saturated fats, less legumes and vegetables, and more energy-dense, micronutrient-poor snack foods, convenience foods, vegetable oils, and more sweetened products and beverages.Adding salt, sugar, fats and oils during food preparation has also increased. Although studies show that people are eating more fruit and meat than 10 years ago, people are still not consuming enough variety of foods to meet all the recommended macro- and micro-nutrients for optimal health and wellbeing.Global commitmentsAs the world continues to win battles against HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases, the national burden of disease attributed to non-communicable diseases is expected to intensify.In the next 10 years it is estimated that the global non-communicable disease burden will increase by 17%. In Africa, this figure will be closer to 27%.Globally governments are being forced to pay more attention and intensify their actions against these diet-related diseases. As a member state to the United Nations, South Africa has signed various global resolutions and commitments on food and nutrition. By implementing the sugar tax, South Africa is simply heeding to its international commitments.Associate professor Hettie Carina Schönfeldt, Beulah Pretorius and Nicolette Hall are researchers in human nutrition and food composition at the University of Pretoria. The article was originally published in The Conversation. Read the original article.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

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Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — May 31, 2018

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Ryan Martin, Ohio Ag Net Chief MeteorologistNo change in our short term forecast this morning, as we have rain over most of Ohio for the next two days yet. As expected, the heaviest rains were farther west over Indiana yesterday, where the center of old Alberto’s circulation tracked through. Still, western Ohio had some good moisture develop in the late afternoon and evening, with scattered action across other parts of the state. Today, additional rains should fall, bringing up to a quarter of an inch. The rains look to be more frequent along and south of I-70, but we won’t rule them out farther north. Another round of moisture lifts into Ohio tomorrow and actually looks to be more impressive than today’s action. We can add another .25-.5” over 70% of the state. The map at right shows a snapshot of rain around midday on Friday. Action winds down by later Friday evening in most areas, but we would not be surprised to see some lingering clouds over far eastern Ohio even still Saturday morning.We still have Saturday as a sunny day over Ohio. However, we do have to make some fairly major changes to our outlook for Sunday. Our approaching trough has strengthened considerably and looks to bring some significant rain chances for Sunday midday and afternoon. This front looks to be peaking right as it moves through Ohio and can have some strong to severe thunderstorm potential with it. AS such, we are raising our rain totals for Sunday midday through Sunday night to .25”-1” with coverage at 80% of Ohio. The best chance of thunderstorms and severe weather, along with the upper end of the rain range, will be in northeast Ohio.Even with bigger threats of rain on Sunday, we still look for a nice, dry start to the week next week. We are dry for, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Temps will be normal to above normal and we should see good sunshine, drying and field work conditions. The potential for moisture from a front later next week is not as high this morning. The front will be there but will likely have little to no moisture to work with, so at this point, we are pulling back on precipitation for Thursday and Friday but think we could see some rain next Saturday.No change for the 11-16 day extended period. Our next front likely hits toward the early to middle part of the extended window, around the 10th (late) through Monday the 11th. Rain totals are not over the top, but we can see .25”-.6” over about 70% of the state. Then we go back to strong high pressure dominating to finish the period for the 12th and 13th.last_img read more

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Digital Health Care: Vendors Entering Honeypot Market Attempt not to get Stung

first_imgThe driver behind the growth in health care is the pressure to innovate new therapies and drugs, as well as pressure from regulators and the public to streamline costs while still keeping the quality of health care high. The digital health care market is growing fast, almost 28 percent annually, according to Grand View Research. Grand View Research: US Digital Health Care Market In the first half of 2019, ‘digital health company’ startups raised $4.2 billion in 180 funding deals in the first half of 2019, according to Rock Health. While startups abound, success is elusive. The health care industry is a difficult industry to get started in and excel. Medicine is complex; regulation is intense; and politics are inescapable.center_img Jeff Immelt, former chairman and CEO of GE and now venture partner at New Enterprise Associates, said that “there are so many dead home healthcare companies. The graveyards are full of them. The next graveyard is going to be filled with AI companies if they don’t find a way to embed their technology into these systems.” David Uffer, a partner at Alira Health, said that “digital health care itself is a problematic market. Business models in digital health are hard to figure out. There’s a difference between wellness and healthcare, and there’s always a tug-of-war with insurance companies over who is going to pay for services.” The application of new technology to the health care industry, along with new ideas about how to apply and deliver treatment are what health care providers and vendors in the industry are focusing on.last_img read more

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